Ngữ pháp môn Tiếng Anh - Use of english - Key word transformation

KEYS

 

EX 1

 

1) You might lose your passport, so make a note of the number. case

Make a note of your passport IN CASE YOU LOSE it.

2) I started work here six years ago, and I'm still here. have

I ‘VE BEEN WORKING HERE FOR six years.

3) I can't remember a time when I wasn't friends with Rosie. as

I've been friends with Rosie for AS LONG AS I can remember.

4) They don't know yet how many extras they will need in the film. worked

They HAVEN’T WORKED OUT yet how many extras they will need in the film.

5) Which part of the climb frightened you more than the rest? most

Which WAS THE MOST FRIGHTENING part of the climb for you?

6) I prefer skiing to doing any other sport. rather

I'd RATHER SKY THAN DO any other sport.

7) Maria hadn’t finished working by ten o’clock. still

Maria WAS STILL WORKING AT ten o’clock.

8) There weren’t many people at the concert. only

There WERE ONLY A FEW people at the concert.

9) ‘Will you lend me the car, Dad?’ asked Jules. borrow

Jules asked his father IF HE COULD BORROW the car.

10) They said they found his attitude very upsetting. been

They said they HAD BEEN VERY UPSET BY his attitude.

 

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I would have taken the tablets, HAD I REALISED IT WAS so important.
You should speak to him - he'll listen to you. to 
Were YOU TO SPEAK TO HIM he would listen.
I can't play football with you because I have this awful cold. able 
If I didn't have this awful cold, I WOULD BE ABLE to play football with you.
It's possible that you would have avoided the illness if you had stayed at home. might 
You MIGHT NOT HAVE BEEN GOT ill if you had stayed at home.
EX 14
I had to go to the doctor because my symptoms were very worrying. had
I WOULD NOT / WOULDN'T HAVE HAD to go to the doctor if my symptoms hadn't been so worrying.
'I'm not sure I'll be able to contact you next week.' said Paul. not
Paul said he WAS NOT SURE HE WOULD be able to contact me the following week.
Martin's text message read: 'Sorry. Couldn't find the house'. had
Martin sent a text message to say that he HAD NOT BEEN ABLE TO find the house.
'There has been an explosion,' the newsreader said. that
The newsreader SAID THAT THERE HAD BEEN an explosion.
'Three years ago I was in the same hotel,' Kevin told me. before
Kevin told me that three YEARS BEFORE HE HAD BEEN in the same hotel.
'Do you know who wrote the original story?' he asked. had
He asked me if I KNEW WHO HAD WRITTEN the original story.
The message on his answering machine said: 'I am not free right now - please leave your name and number'. moment
His answering machine message said he was not FREE AT THAT MOMENT but I could leave my name and number.
'I'll contact you tomorrow,' he said. following
He said he WOULD CONTACT ME THE FOLLOWING day.
'You must hang up the phone immediately!' she said. to
She said I HAD TO hang up the phone immediately.
It's not possible that James signed up for the bungee jumping event! have
James CAN'T/CANNOT HAVE SIGNED up for the bungee jumping event! 
EX 15
Perhaps Nick has forgotten that practice was cancelled. might 
Nick MIGHT HAVE FORGOTTEN that practice was cancelled.
I don't think Gloria was very happy after she lost the match. could 
Gloria COULD NOT HAVE BEEN very happy after she lost the match.
It's possible that Sarah is running a marathon right now! may 
Sarah MAY BE RUNNING a marathon right now!
It is possible that Rolf came last, but I really can't remember! come 
Rolf MIGHT/MAY/COULD HAVE COME LAST but I really can't remember!
I imagine you're getting a little nervous. be 
You MUST BE GETTING a little nervous. 
You won't have problems finding the gym as it's the only big building in the area. miss 
You CAN'T/CANNOT MISS the gym as it's the only big building in the area.
Paris is a nice city but it's so expensive. such 
Paris is nice, but it's SUCH AN EXPENSIVE city. 
Please don't use more water than you really need. avoid 
Please try TO AVOID USING more water than you really need.
I'm sure Jane will manage to convince the city council to build a new park. succeed 
I'm sure Jane will SUCCEED IN CONVINCING the city council to build a new park.
Sorry, but I couldn't get concert tickets at such short notice. able 
Sorry, but I WAS NOT / WASN'T ABLE TO GET concert tickets at such short notice.
EX 16 
'Bringing your own tents on the camping trip isn't necessary,' said Monique. have 
Monique told us we DID NOT / DIDN'T HAVE TO BRING our own tents on the camping trip.
John advised me to take my studies more seriously. would 
John said, 'If I WERE YOU I WOULD take my studies more seriously.'
This trigonometry problem is really hard for me to solve.' work 
I can't seem to WORK OUT HOW TO SOLVE this trigonometry problem. 
The local environmental organisation has very little money left. running 
The local environmental organisation IS RUNNING OUT OF money.
I suggest reading this article before you do your geography homework. had 
You HAD BETTER READ this article before you do your geography homework.
Why isn't the government informing people about this problem? informed 
Why AREN'T PEOPLE BEING INFORMED about this problem by the government?
You'll never manage to convince him that bird watching is an interesting hobby. succeed 
You'll never SUCCEED IN CONVINCING him that bird-watching is an interesting hobby.
They began this wildlife charity in 1970. founded 
This wildlife charity WAS FOUNDED in 1970.
These animals need us if they are going to survive. depend 
These animals DEPEND ON US FOR their survival.
They have said that the company broke several environmental laws. accused 
The company HAS BEEN ACCUSED OF BREAKING several environmental laws.
EX 17
If we fail to look after the environment, it could end in disaster. of 
If we do not TAKE CARE OF the environment, it could end in disaster.
There was no reason for Mary to storm off like she did. have 
Mary DIDN'T / DID NOT HAVE TO storm off like that.
Our headteacher gave us permission to have a school ball! said 
Our headteacher SAID (THAT) WE COULD HAVE a school ball!
Children under sixteen are not allowed in the nightclub. get 
You CANNOT/CAN'T GET INTO / IN the nightclub if you're under sixteen.
Be more careful next time and you won't get hurt again. will 
You WILL HAVE TO BE more careful if you don't want to get hurt next time.
I am absolutely incapable of speaking French without an accent. speak 
I simply CANNOT/CAN'T SPEAK French without an accent.
It isn't necessary to ask Jacob to the party, but I think he'd like to come. not 
You DON'T / DO NOT HAVE TO INVITE Jacob to the party, but I think he'd like to come.
I wish I could go to a fashion show in Paris! able 
I'd love TO BE ABLE TO go to a fashion show in Paris!
Why didn't you tell Rod what time we were meeting? should 
You SHOULD HAVE TOLD Rod what time we were meeting.
I started going abroad when I was ten. have 
I HAVE BEEN GOING ABROAD SINCE I was ten.
EX 18
The holiday was so expensive that we could only afford one week. an 
It was SUCH AN EXPENSIVE HOLIDAY that we could only afford one week.
After Peter's visits, we would all say goodbye to him at the station. see 
After Peter's visits, we would all SEE HIM OFF at the station.
Hilda was too young to travel on her own. enough 
Hilda was NOT OLD ENOUGH to travel on her own.
Years ago, a lot of people spent their holidays with relatives. used 
Years ago, a lot of people USED TO SPEND their holidays with relatives.
I was promised the best holiday I had ever had but it turned out to be a disaster. lifetime 
I was promised THE HOLIDAY OF A LIFETIME but it turned out to be a disaster.
One place that is becoming increasingly popular with teenagers is Canada. destination 
Canada is an INCREASINGLY POPULAR DESTINATION among teenagers.
Because we were so compatible, the trip was a great success. got 
Because we GOT ON SO well, the trip was a great success.
Getting over a break-up can take some time. recover 
It can take some time TO RECOVER FROM a break-up.
Ed and Stacey got married in September. been 
Ed and Stacey HAVE BEEN MARRIED SINCE September.
Marie started acting six years ago. for 
Marie HAS BEEN ACTING FOR six years.
EX 19
James Dean grew up in Indiana with his aunt and uncle. RAISED 
James Dean WAS RAISED BY his aunt and uncle in Indiana.
I have tolerated your behaviour for too long! PUT 
I HAVE PUT UP WITH your behaviour for too long!
I solved the problem quickly with Jack's help. OUT 
Jack helped ME TO SORT OUT the problem quickly.
I tried talking to her a few days ago. ALREADY 
I HAVE ALREADY TRIED talking to her.
I saw Steve right after he took his exams. JUST 
Steve HAD JUST TAKEN his exams when I saw him.
When is the train due to arrive? GET 
When DOES THE TRAIN GET here?
I've had to wait all afternoon. BEEN 
I'VE BEEN WAITING all afternoon.
To get to work on time I have to get up at 6.00. MEANS 
Getting to work on time MEANS (MY) GETTING UP AT 6.00. 
Today is Liz and John's thirtieth wedding anniversary. FOR 
Liz and John HAVE BEEN MARRIED for thirty years today. 
Whose watch is this? BELONG 
Who DOES THIS WATCH BELONG TO?
EX 20
Cathy hasn't been on holiday with her sister before. FIRST 
THIS IS THE FIRST TIME that Cathy has been on holiday with her sister.
My dentist's appointment is for next Wednesday. TO 
I AM GOING TO THE dentist next Wednesday.
Brenda had no idea of her next move. WHAT 
Brenda had no idea WHAT SHE WAS GOING TO do next.
What do you intend to do now? GOING 
What ARE YOU GOING TO DO now?
Who will be your assistant on this project? WORKING 
WHO WILL BE WORKING / IS WORKING WITH you on this project?
Scientists are on the point of making a vital breakthrough. ABOUT 
SCIENTISTS ARE ABOUT TO MAKE a vital breakthrough. 
I'll be home late. UNTIL 
I WON'T BE HOME UNTIL late.
No one knows who is going to win the match. WHAT 
NO-ONE KNOWS WHAT THE RESULT of the match will be. 
David is bound to be here on time. WON'T 
David WON'T BE LATE.
Mary and Alan's wedding is next weekend. MARRIED 
Mary and Alan ARE GETTING MARRIED NEXT WEEKEND.
EX 21
Terry was fatter. 	DIDN'T
Terry ____DIDN'T USE ____ to be so thin.
I have never read a novel as good as this before. HAVE
This novel is THE BEST I HAVE EVER read.
I started my stamp collection when I was ten. BEEN
I HAVE BEEN COLLECTING STAMPS SINCE I was ten.
Nobody expected John to come to the wedding. TURN
Nobody thought John WOULD TURN UP AT the wedding.
The ice turned into water as we heated it.	UNTIL
We heated the ice UNTIL IT MELTED /TURNED INTO WATER.
Janet has no intention of leaving her job. IS
Janet ISN’T GOING TO LEAVE her job.
I did not buy the local paper, so I did not know about the concert. THERE
If I had bought the local paper I WOULD HAVE KNOWN THERE WAS a concert.
Bob is a much better swimmer than George. SWIM
George CAN'T SWIM AS WELL as Bob.
This is a 'no smoking' office.	 ALLOWED
You AREN'T ALLOWED TO SMOKE in this office.
Maria didn't listen carefully to the news broadcast. ATTENTION
Maria didn't PAY (ANY / MUCH) ATTENTION TO the news broadcast.

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