Câu ðiều ước và các thể giả định (bài tập tự luyện)

1. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Present Subjunctive of the verbs shown in brackets.

For example: They insisted that she _____ at once. (to come)

 They insisted that she come at once.

The proposal that she ______ us has merit. (to meet)

 The proposal that she meet us has merit.

1. He suggested that I _________ ready by eight o'clock. (to be)

2. We request that she _________ the window. (to open)

3. They demanded that he _________ the room. (to leave)

4. I will ask that she _____________ me. (to accompany)

5. They recommended that he _________ to Bermuda. (to fly)

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4. I ________ not _______ to have a party if you were not there. (to want) 
5. If you knew more about her, you ________________ your opinion. (to change) 
6. ________ you ________ pizza if you did not like it? (to order) 
7. ________ they not ________ to come if we asked them? (to agree) 
8. We ________ not _________ a car unless we were insured. (to drive) 
8. Complete the following sentences, using the indicated verbs in the Perfect conjugation with would. 
For example: If it had rained, I ________________ at home. (to stay) 
 If it had rained, I would have stayed at home. 
 _____ you _________ with us if we had asked you? (to come) 
 Would you have come with us if we had asked you? 
 If he had hurried, he _____ not ___________ the bus. (to miss) 
 If he had hurried, he would not have missed the bus. 
 _____ she not __________ if she had seen us? (to wave) 
 Would she not have waved if she had seen us? 
1. If he had arrived late, ________ we ______________ without him? (to begin) 
2. If they had felt thirsty, ________ they not _____________ the lemonade? (to drink) 
3. If we had been here, we _______ not ______________ the fireworks. (to miss) 
4. If his office had called, _______ he not _______________ to work? (to return) 
5. She _______ not _______________ early if she had not had a good reason. (to leave) 
6. If they had searched more carefully, they _____________________ the watch sooner. (to find) 
7. If you had visited Rome, _______ you ____________ to the opera? (to go) 
8. She ______________________ down if she had been tired. (to lie) 
9. The following statements contain false or improbable conditions. Paying attention to the underlined 
adverbs indicating time, complete the following sentences, using the indicated verbs in the appropriate 
conjugations with would. use the Simple conjugation for actions pertaining to the present or the future, 
and use the Perfect conjugation for actions pertaining to the past. 
For example: If you came with us now, you _________ everything. (to see) 
 If you came with us now, you would see everything. 
 _____ he __________ us yesterday if we had slept in? (to wake) 
 Would he have woken us yesterday if we had slept in? 
1. If he were here now he _______ not ___________ to help us. (to hesitate) 
2. I ___________________ the book last week if I had known you wanted it. (to finish) 
3. ______ you ______________ to him last night if you had seen him? (to speak) 
4. If they were old enough, they __________________ the contest next week. (to enter) 
5. ______ she not ____________ a vacation now if she had more time? (to take) 
6. If he had sent a message, we ______________________ it two days ago. (to receive) 
7. I ____________________ it if you came with me now. (to appreciate) 
8. ______ she not ________ grateful if we offered to help her tomorrow? (to be) 
9. ______ he _____________ yesterday if he had entered the race? (to win) 
10. _______ they not __________________ more books last month if they had noticed the stock was low? 
(to order) 
Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Câu ñiều ước và các thể giả ñịnh
 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 5 -
11. _______ she not ___________ us now if she knew where we lived? (to visit) 
12. _______ you _________________ cucumbers yesterday if they had been on sale? (to buy) 
10. For each of the following sentences, complete the subordinate clause with the Simple Past 
Subjunctive of the verb shown in brackets. 
For example: If he ____ in town, he would call us. (to be) 
 If he were in town, he would call us. 
 Would you go to the party if you ________ an invitation? (to receive) 
 Would you go to the party if you received an invitation? 
 If he ___ not ____ his work, he would find another job. (to like) 
 If he did not like his work, he would find another job. 
1. If he ________ rich, he would travel. (to be) 
2. _________ I not anxious to meet him, I would stay at home. (to be) 
3. He would have more free time if he ______ not _________ so hard. (to work) 
4. If I _________ a car, I would visit Cape Breton. (to have) 
5. We would take the bus if it _________ to snow. (to begin) 
6. If you _________ him, you would surely recognize him. (to see) 
7. I would not confide in him if I _______ not _________ him. (to trust) 
8. If we _______ not _________ time, we would let you know. (to have) 
9. If he _____________ an expedition, I would certainly join it. (to organize) 
10. I would not worry about it if I _________ you. (to be) 
11. For each of the following sentences, complete the subordinate clause with the Past Perfect 
Subjunctive of the verb shown in brackets. 
For example: If I __________ him to do it, he would have obeyed me. (to order) 
 If I had ordered him to do it, he would have obeyed me. 
 Had it not ______ yesterday, we would have raked the leaves. (to snow) 
 Had it not snowed yesterday, we would have raked the leaves. 
1. I would not have got lost if I ______________ the map. (to study) 
2. _______ he _________ at home, we would have visited him. (to be) 
3. We would have invited him if we ________________ he would come. (to think) 
4. He would have applied for the job if he _______________ the advertisement. (to see) 
5. We would not have ordered tea, ______ we __________ how late it was. (to know) 
6. ______ it not __________, they would have held the party in the park. (to rain) 
7. We would have agreed with you if we _________________ what you meant. (to understand) 
8. If you _____________ salt on the steps, they would not have been so slippery. (to put) 
9. ______ he ___________ to us, we would have known when to expect him. (to write) 
10. If he ________________ to take the course, he would have had to work hard. (to choose) 
Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Câu ñiều ước và các thể giả ñịnh
 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 6 -
12. The following statements contain false or improbable conditions. Paying attention to the underlined 
adverbs indicating time, complete the subordinate clauses with the correct forms of the verbs shown in 
brackets. Use the Simple Past Subjunctive for actions pertaining to the present or the future, and use 
the Past Perfect Subjunctive for actions pertaining to the past. 
For example: If she ____ here now, she would be admiring the rose bushes. (to be) 
 If she were here now, she would be admiring the rose bushes. 
 ___ he ______ here last week, we would have met him. (to stay) 
 Had he stayed here last week, we would have met him. 
1. If he _________ here now, we would ask his opinion. (to be) 
2. We would have forgotten our tickets last night, if she ____not ________ us. (to remind) 
3. _____ I ________ earlier, I would have arrived on time yesterday. (to leave) 
4. Would you visit Spain next summer, if you _________ enough money? (to have) 
5. If it _________________ yesterday, we would not need to water the lawn. (to rain) 
6. If he _________ you last Wednesday, he would have asked your advice. (to see) 
7. If they __________ to leave now, they would need special permission. (to want) 
8. _____ they _________ of the concert yesterday, they would have arranged to go. (to know) 
9. Would you not have stayed longer last week, if you ___________ able to? (to be) 
10. If they ____________ the letter tomorrow, they would receive an answer in two weeks. (to write) 
11. If he _____________ the book now, he would enjoy it. (to read) 
12. If we _____________ more attention yesterday, we would know what time to be there. (to pay) 
13. Change each of the following sentences from a statement containing a probable condition to a 
statement containing a false or improbable condition. Following the model of the examples, change the 
underlined verb in the subordinate clause from the Simple Present Indicative to the Simple Past 
Subjunctive; and change the underlined verb in the main clause from the Simple Future to the Simple 
conjugation with would. 
For example: If she is angry, she will scold us. 
 If she were angry, she would scold us. 
 If he wins, we will congratulate him. 
 If he won, we would congratulate him. 
 They will join us, if we send them a message. 
 They would join us, if we sent them a message. 
1. If they want to see you, they will come to the party. 
2. If he is curious, he will ask what we are doing. 
3. She will help us, if she has time. 
4. If they work hard, they will succeed. 
5. If I find the culprits, I will teach them a lesson. 
6. If she recognizes us, she will wave. 
7. They will treat you well, if you are honest with them. 
8. If she likes you, she will tell you. 
9. If he is ready, we will invite him to come. 
10. If they see me, they will want to speak to me. 
Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Câu ñiều ước và các thể giả ñịnh
 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 7 -
14. Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks with the Imperative form of the verbs 
shown in brackets. 
For example: ____ the door. (to open) 
 Open the door. 
 Don't ______ to come. (to forget) 
 Don't forget to come. 
1. Don't __________ out late. (to stay) 
2. Please _________ ready on time. (to be) 
3. Don't ___________ about that. (to worry) 
4. _________ your own business! (to mind) 
5. _________ careful not to trip. (to be) 
6. Do not ____________ everything you hear. (to believe) 
7. Always ___________ both ways before crossing the street. (to look) 
8. You __________ here while I go into the store. (to wait) 
9. __________ me! (to excuse) 
10. _________ me a postcard if you have time. (to send) 
Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 
Nguồn : Hocmai.vn 

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