Tài liệu học tiếng Nhật

漢字.

1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet

Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk under a roof. Most meetings take place in a house with desks, ne. 英会話 ei kai wa - English conversation [only kai wa means any conversation]

会議 kai gi - meeting, conference

教会 kyou kai - church

 

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 kanji for shell [貝 - kai] 
質問 shitsu mon - question
品質 hin shitsu - quality
実質 jisshitsu - substance, essence
室 
1) shitsu, 2) muro - room, chamber
The top part is a roof
密室 misshitsu - hidden room
教室 kyou shitsu - classroom
温室 on shitsu - greenhouse
品 
1) hin, 2) shina - goods, article, elegance, dignity
The three mouths [口 - kuchi] are eating the goods with dignity
車用品 kuruma you hin - car parts
下品 ge hin - vulgar, indecent
化粧品 ke shou hin - cosmetics
社 
1) sha, 2) yashiro - company, firm, office
社会 sha kai - society
会社 kai sha - office, company
出版社 shuppan sha - publisher
者 
1) sha, 2) mono - someone, person
The sun [日 - hi] is needed to make out just who that someone is
医者 i sha - medical doctor
学者 gaku sha - a scholar
芸者 gei sha - Geisha, woman performer
手 
1) shu, 2) zu, 3) te - hand
After several years of looking at this kanji, I still don't see the hand the ancient Chinese saw!
空手 kara te - Karate
下手 heta - not good at, poor at
上手 jou zu - good at, excells at
手紙 te gami - letter (postal)
週 
1) shuu - week
This is one of those rare kanji with just one reading and meaning
一週間 isshuu kan - one week 
先週 sen shuu - last week
来週 rai shuu - next week
週末 shuu matsu - weekend
習 
1) shuu, 2) ju, 3) narau - learn
The top is feather or wing [羽 - hane] and the bottom is white [白 - shiro]
練習 ren shuu - practice
自習 ji shuu - self study
復習 fuku shuu - review, study again
住 
1) juu, 2) chuu, 3) sumu - live, reside, dwell
You are the lord [主 - shu] of the house 
住所 juu sho - (mailing) address
衣食住 i shoku juu - necessities of life, clothing, food, and housing
移住 i juu - migration
春 
1) shun, 2) haru - spring (season)
The season where the sun [日 - hi] returns
春休み haru yasumi - spring break
初春 sho shun - early spring
青春 sei shun - youth
正 
1) sei, 2) shou, 3) tadashii - correct, justice, right
If you stop [止] and think about it you will get it right
正解 sei kai - correct
改正 kai sei - revisement, amendment
正月 shou gatsu - the New Year
少 
1) shou, 2) sukunai , 3) sukoshi - few, little
Small is [小] 
少々お待ちください shou shou omachi kudasai - Please wait a moment
少年 shou nen - youth, boy
場 
1) jou, 2) chou, 3) ba - location, place
The bit on the left [土] means ground
場所 ba sho - a place, area
スキー場 suki- jou - ski area
駐車場 chuu sha jou - parking lot
知 
1) chi, 2) shiru - to know, wisdom
To the left [矢 - ya] means arrow and to the right [口 - kuchi] is a mouth. 
知恵 chi e - wisdom
知事 chi ji - governor
告知 koku chi - announcement, notice
真 
1) shin, 2) ma, 3) makoto - true, reality
This kanji has a ten [十 - juu] over an eye [目 - me]
写真 sha shin - photograph
真っ暗 makkura - pitch black
真に makotoni - really, truely
図 
1) zu, 2) to, 3) e, 4) hakaru - map, drawing, plan, unexpected
Think of it as a treasure map where X marks the spot
地図 chi zu - map
合図 ai zu - sign, signal
意図 i to - intention, aim
世 
1) sei, 2) se, 3) yo - generation, world, society
世界 se kai - the world
世紀 sei ki - century
人生 jin sei - life
夕 
1) seki, 2) yuu - evening
Think of it as the moon in the evening sky
夕方 yuu gata - evening
夕焼け yuu yake - sunset
夕食 yuu shoku - dinner
走 
1) sou, 2) hashiru - run
It looks like a runner getting ready to start the race
競走 kyou sou - race
脱走 dassou - escape, desertion
逃げ走る nige hashiru - to run away
族 
1) zoku - tribe, family
There is a person [方 - kata] with an arrow [矢 - ya] finding food for his tribe and family
民族 min zoku - tribe
家族 ka zoku - family
核家族 kaku ka zoku - nuclear family
注 
1) chuu, 2) sosogu, 3) sasu- pour, flow into, concentrate on
The marks on the left indicate water (pouring) and the right means "lord"
注意 chuu i - caution, warning
注文 chuu mon - order (restaurant...)
注射 chuu sha - injection, a shot
田 
1) den, 2) ta - rice field
Think of 4 square rice fields together
油田 yu den - oil field
田植え ta ue - rice planting
田舎 inaka - the country (irreg. pron)
台 
1) dai, 2) tai - stand, stage, pedestal
It looks like someone sitting on a box and talking into a mic
舞台 bu tai - stage
台風 tai fuu - taiphoon
台所 dai dokoro - kitchen
待 
1) tai, 2) matsu - wait, depend on
Don't confuse with samurai [侍]
待ってください matte kudasai - please wait a sec
期待 ki tai - expectations, hopes
招待 shou tai - invitation
題 
1) dai - topic, subject
宿題 shuku dai - homework
話題 wa dai - topic, subject
問題 mon dai - problem
度 
1) do, 2) to, 3) taku, 4) tabi - degree, time, times occurred
一度 ichi do - one time, once
温度 on do - temperature
今度 kon do - next time
立 
1) ritsu, 2) ryuu, 3) tatsu - to stand
Think of a person in the act of standing up
県立 ken ritsu - prefectural
独立 doku ritsu - independence
日立 hi tachi - Hitachi company
旅 
1) ryo, 2) tabi - trip, travel
A person [方] packing his bag for a trip
旅行 ryo kou - trip
旅人 tabi bito - a traveller
旅券 ryo ken - passport
力 
1) ryoku, 2) riki, 3) chikara - power, strength, exertion
Don't confuse it with nine [九 - kyuu]
力持ち chikara mochi - strong person
能力 nou ryoku - ability
協力 kyou ryoku - cooperation
昼 
1) chuu, 2) hiru - noon, daytime
The sun [日 - hi] is in the middle at noon
昼寝 hiru ne - a nap
昼食 chuu shoku - lunch, noonmeal
昼休み hiru yasumi - lunch break, noon break
町 
1) chou, 2) machi - town, village
Think of a small town with a T shaped road leading to a rice field
港町 minato machi - port city
町民 chou min - townspeople
町会 chou kai - town council
鳥 
1) chou, 2) tori - bird
Think of a bird in its nest
焼き鳥 yaki tori - grilled chicken
一石二鳥 isseki ni chou - one stone, two birds - to kill 2 birds with one stone
小鳥 ko tori - a small bird
店 
1) ten, 2) mise - store, shop
開店 kai ten - the opening of a shop
喫茶店 kissaten - coffee shop
店員 ten in - attendant, clerk of the store
問 
1) mon, 2) tou - question, ask, problem
Compare with gate mon [門]
問題 mon dai - problem
質問 shitsu mon - question
疑問 gi mon - question, doubt, problem
冬 
1) tou, 2) fuyu - winter
Think of a cloud dropping two snow flakes
冬眠 tou min - hibernation, winter sleep
冬休み fuyu yasumi - winter vacation
冬季 tou ki - winter season
道 
1) dou, 2) tou, 3) michi - way, road, street, course
曲がり道 ma gari michi - a winding road
帰り道 kaeri michi - the way home
片道 kata michi - a one way (trip)
堂 
1) dou - hall
任天堂 nin ten dou - Nintendo video game company
食堂車 shoku dou sha - dining car
食堂 shoku dou - lunch room, cafeteria
特 
1) toku - special
This is a very special kanji so don't confuse it with 'to wait' [待 - matsu]
特別 toku betsu - special
特に toku ni - especially, particularly
特技 toku gi - special skill
肉 
1) niku - meat
Two people [人 - hito] are walking into a restaurant for meat. Don't confuse with [内 - uchi]
皮肉 hi niku - irony, ironic
牛肉 gyuu niku - beef
筋肉 kin niku - muscle
野 
1) ya, 2) sho, 3) no - plains, field
On the other side of a village [里 - sato] there is a field
荒野 ara no - wasteland, wilderness
野球 ya kyuu - baseball
長野県 nagano ken - Nagano prefecture
発 
1) hatsu, 2) abaku, 3) tatsu - depart, start from, to happen
Think of it as a rocket launching to the stars
出発 shuppatsu - depart, leave
爆発 baku hatsu - explosion
発見 hakken - discovery
発明 hatsu mei - invention
飯 
1) han, 2) meshi - meal, cooked rice
The left part is from the kanji to eat [食 - shoku]
御飯 go han - rice, meal
朝ご飯 asa go han - breakfast
炊飯器 sui han ki - rice cooker
病 
1) byou, 2) yamai, 3) yamu - ill, sick
病気 byou ki - sick
病院 byou in - hospital
急病 kyuu byou - sudden illness
不 
1) fu, 2) bu - non-, negative, bad
This is useful for negating the following kanji
不可能 fu ka nou - impossible
不安 fu an - uneasy, unsure
不公平 fu kou hei - unfairness, injustice
服 
1) fuku - clothing, obey
Obey me and wear moon [月 - getsu] clothing
洋服 you fuku - western style clothes
衣服 i fuku - clothes
服従 fuku juu - obedience
物 
1) butsu, 2) motsu, 3) mono - thing, matter, object
This mono pertains to non human objects. The other mono [者] is for people
植物 shoku butsu - plant life
物語 mono gatari - story, legend
食べ物 tabe mono - something to eat
文 
1) bun, 2) mon, 3) fumi, 4) aya - sentence, literature
Someone crossing his legs and reading a book
文明 bun mei - civilization
文化 bun ka - culture
文具 bun gu - stationery
文章 bun shou - a sentence
別 
1) betsu, 2) wakareru, 3) wakeru - separate, another, specially
The bottom left part is from the kanji for sword [刀 - katana] and it thus separates it from other kanji
別荘 bessou - a second house
特別 toku betsu - special
別に betsu ni - it's not that important, not particularly
勉 
1) ben, 2) tsutomeru - exertion
It takes power [力 - chikara] to exert oneself
勉強 ben kyou - study
不勉強 fu ben kyou - idleness
勉強中 ben kyou chuu - in the midst of studying
目 
1) moku, 2) boku, 3) me - eye
Think of a monster with three vertical eyes
一目ぼれ hito me bore - love at first sight
目的 moku teki - purpose, goal
左目 hidari me - left eye
用 
1) you, 2) mochiiru - use, service, business
This is the moon [月 - tsuki] with a line in the middle 
使用 shi you - use
用紙 you shi - paper, form
用意 you i - prepare
用心棒 you jin bou - body gaurd
夜 
1) ya, 2) yo, 3) yoru - night, evening
夜逃げ yo nige - flight in the night, fleeing in the night
今夜 kon ya - this evening
夜間 ya kan - night, night time
曜 
1) you - weekday
This is found in all 7 days of the week
何曜日 nan you bi - what day of the week?
金曜日 kin you bi - Friday
土曜日 do you bi - Saturday
洋 
1) you - the West, western style, ocean
The left means water and the right means sheep [羊 - hitsuji] 
洋服 you fuku - western style clothing
洋食 you shoku - western (foreign) food
洋画 you ga - foreign painting
理 
1) ri - logic, reason, truth
Logic is found in the villages [里 - sato] not in the cities
理由 ri yuu - reason, cause
無理 mu ri - impossible, unreasonable
理科 ri ka - science
料 
1) ryou - fee, materials
The part to the left means 'rice' [米 - kome] Rice is an essential material to pay for
料金 ryou kin - a charge, a fee
料理 ryou ri - cooking, dish
飲料 in ryou - a drink (written word)

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