Lý thuyết và bài tập Chuyên đề: Đảo Ngữ

Định nghĩa: Đảo ngữ là hiện tượng đảo ngược vị trí động từ hoặc trợ động từ lên

trước chủ ngữ nhằm mục đích nhấn mạnh.

 Các dạng đảo ngữ

I. Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT.

NO + Noun + Auxiliary + S + Verb ( inf)

NOT ANY + Noun + Auxiliary + S + Verb ( inf)

Eg: I won’t lend you any money from now on.

Not any/No money will I lend you from now on.

Not a tear did she shed when the story ended in tragedy.

 

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 you wanted is here. 
4. The young man came into the room. 
5. He had hardly gone out when it began to rain. to rain 
6. Keith can be held responsible for the accident in no way. 
7. I was shown how to operate the machine at no time. 
8. Miss Weaver will be offered the job under no circumstance. 
9. I will go all that way to visit him again on any account. 
10. You will find so many happy people nowhere else. 
11. He has first class brain but he also a tremendously hard worker not only. 
12. They had granted one increase of pay than they asked for another no sooner. 
13. It is seldom wise to disregard the advice that he gives. 
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14. I had heard such an extraordinary story never before. 
15. He had rarely met such a beautiful girl. 
16. He knows little what is going on. 
17. They will stay in that hotel never again. 
18. A movie can very seldom hold my attention like this one. 
19. They have invited us to their home not once. 
KEYS 
Bài 1: 
1. She had never been so happy before. 
--> Never had she been so happy before. 
2. I have never heard such nonsense! 
--> Never have I heard such nonsense! 
3. I have never seen such a mess in my life. 
--> Never have I seen such a mess in my life. 
4. Public borrowing has seldom been so high. 
--> Seldom has public borrowing been so high. 
5. They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony. 
--> Seldom had they participated in such a fascinating ceremony. 
6. They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success. 
--> Little did they suspect that the musical was going to be a runaway success. 
7. The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent. 
--> Little did the embassy staff realize that Ted was a secret agent. 
8. I had hardly begun to apologize when the door closed. 
--> Hardly had I begun to apologise when the door closed. 
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9. The shop can in no way be held responsible for customers' lost property. 
--> In no way can the shop be held responsible for customers’ lost property. 
10. The couple had no sooner arrived than the priest started the ceremony. 
--> No sooner had the couple arrived than the priest started the ceremony. 
11. Tom only understood the meaning of the comment when he saw his wife's face. 
--> Only when Tom saw his wife’s face did he understand the meaning of the comment. 
12. The restaurant cannot accept animals under any circumstances. 
--> Under no circumstances can the restaurant accept animals. 
13. The artist rarely paid any attention to his agent's advice. 
--> Rarely did the artist pay any attention to his agent’s advice. 
Bài 2: 
1. Her grief was so great that she almost fainted. 
–> So great was her grief that she almost fainted. 
2. He got down to writing the letter as soon as he returned from his walk. 
–> No sooner had he returned from his walk than he got down to writing the letter. 
3. She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her. 
–> Hardly had she begun to speak when people started interrupting her. 
4. I only realized what I had missed when they told me about it later. 
–> Only when they told me about it later did I realize what I had missed. 
5. You won’t find a more dedicated worker anywhere than Mrs John. 
–> Nowhere will you find a more dedicated worker than Mrs John. 
6. The outcome of the election was never in doubt. 
–> At no time was the outcome of the election in doubt. 
7. He forgot about the gun until he got home. 
–> Not until he got home did he remember about the gun. 
8. The only way you can become a good athlete is by training hard everyday. 
–> Only by training hard everyday can you become a good athlete. 
Bài 3 
1. A 5. D 9. D 13. C 17. C 
2. C 6. A 10. C 14. A 18. B 
3. C 7. C 11. D 15. D 19. A 
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4. B 8. B 12. D 16. A 20. A 
Bài 4 
1. C 5. A 9. D 13. C 17. A 
2. D 6. B 10. B 14. D 18. D 
3. D 7. A 11. A 15. B 19. D 
4. C 8. C 12. D 16. A 20. D 
Bài 5: 
1. he would never 
2. did I remember 
3. when 
4. was 
5. was I aware 
6. passed 
7. so high were the waves 
8. Peter has arrived 
9. than 
10. should you leave early 
Bài 6: 
1. Never before had she been so happy. 
2. Never have I heard such nonsense! 
3. Never in my life have I seen such a mess. 
4. Never have our profits been higher than/ as higher as they are this year. 
5. Never again would she trust her own judgment when buying antique. 
6. Never before had the firm laid on such a sumptuous celebration. 
7. Never have I come across such a horrifying film. 
8. Never have I been so moved by a Shakespeare production. 
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9. Never for one moment did I think the consequences would be so far reaching. 
10. Never before had I tasted such a wonderful combination of flavours. 
Bài 7: 
1. Not only is he your friend, but he’s mine too. 
2. Not only did he book tickets for the afternoon performance but he also booked for the evening 
performance 
as well. 
3. Not only did the burglars steal a thousand pounds’ worth of electrical goods, they also left the flat in an 
awful mess. 
4. Not only was Tom late, but he had left all his books behind. 
5. Not only will you enhance your posture but you will (also) improve your acting ability (as well) on 
this course. 
6. Not for one moment is it worth considering his suggestion /is his suggestion worth considering. 
7. Not a tear did she shed when the story ended in tragedy. 
8. Not once did the manager offer is an apology. 
9. Not a sound did she make as she crept upstairs. 
10. Not until he retired did he think about having a holiday abroad. 
Bài 8: 
1. Only when I got home did I realize how dangerous the situation had been. 
2. Only last week did the Agriculture Minister admit defeat. 
3. Only after seeing Hamlet on the stage did I understand it. 
4. Only after they had finished eating did they get round to business. 
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5. Only after they waited for twelve hours did their flight leave. 
6. Only after did I realize who she was. 
7. Only by (using) force could the door be opened. 
8. Only when Tom’s apologized will I agree. 
9. Only when you buy all twelve books at the same time can/will you get the 40% discount. 
10. Only by training hard can/will/could you become a good athlete. 
Bài 9: 
1. Not only did he spend all his money but she also borrowed some from me. 
2. No sooner had I left the office than the phone rang. 
3. Hardly had I put the phone down when the boss rang back. 
4. Not until the bell rang did he finish his work. 
5. Only after several months did we begin to see the symptoms of the disease. 
6. Never in my life have seen anyone drink as much as you. 
7. Under the table was lying a sleeping dog. 
8. Rarely had his brother been more excited. 
9. Only later were all the facts made public. 
10. Had I realized what would happen, I wouldn’t have accepted the job. 
11. Such was the responsible to our appeal that we has to take on more staff 
12. Not only did Harry break his leg but he also injured his shoulder. 
13. Little did the police suspect that the judgment was the murderer. 
14. Should you see Helen, could you ask her to call me? 
15. In no way can the bus be blamed for the accident. 
16. So heavy was the snowfall that all the trains had to be cancelled. 
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17. Were the government to write interest rates they would lose the election. 
18. No sooner had I got into the bath than someone knocked on the door. 
19. Such was the uncertainty that the financial markets remained closed. 
20. Seldom is there so much rain in March. 
21. Only when your identity has been checked will you be allowed in. 
22. Hardly had the play started when there was a power failure. 
23. Rarely has the Prime Minister made so inept a speech. 
24. Scarcely had we arrived home when the police called. 
25. On no account are press photographers allowed to take photographs backstage. 
26. Never before has so much money been spent to so little purpose!. 
27. Barely had the trial proceedings begun when the judge was taken ill. 
Bài 10: 
1. A 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B 
6. B 7. D 8. B 9. B 10. B 
Bài 11: 
1. Many a time have I climbed that hill as a boy 
2. By his site sat his faithful dog 
3. Here is the book that you wanted 
4. Into the room came the young man 
5. Hardly had he gone out when it began 
6. In no way can Keith be held responsible for the accident 
7. At no time was I shown how to operate the machine 
8. Under no circumstance will Miss Weaver be offered the job 
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9. On any account will I go all that way to visit him again 
10. Nowhere else will you find so many happy people 
11. Not only does he have first class brain but he also a tremedously hard worker. 
12. No sooner had they granted one increase of pay than they asked for another 
13. Seldom is it wise to disregard the advide that he gives 
14. Never before had I heard such an extraordinary story 
15. Rarely had I met such a beautiful girl 
16. Little does he know what is going on 
17. Never again will they stay in that hotel 
18. Very seldom can a movie hold my attention like this one 
19. Not once have they invited us to their home 

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