Tiếng Anh - Lý thuyết và bài tập về Mạo Từ

 Đứng trước các từ

bắt đầu là phụ âm hoặc

nguyên âm đọc như

phụ âm

Eg: a man; a

university; a hat; a

European, a one-way

street

+ Đứng trước các từ bắt

đầu là nguyên âm - a, e, i,

o, u, “h” câm, chữ cái rời

Eg: an apple; an hour, an

uncle, an SOS

+ The + N số ít và số nhiều

Eg: The boy The boys

+ The: đối tượng duy nhất

Eg: The earth The sea

+ The: N đã xác định trước đó

Eg: His car struck a tree, you can still see the mark on

the tree.

(Xe hơi của hắn đâm vào một cái cây, bạn vẫn có thể

nhìn thấy dấu xe đụng trên cây ấy.)

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 story. In my story . . . Scotsman is generous, . . . Irishman is logical and . . . 
Englishman is romantic. ~ Oh, if it's . . . fantastic story I'll listen with . . . pleasure. 
32 My aunt lived on . . . ground floor of . . . old house on . . . River Thames. She was very much afraid of . 
. .burglars and always locked up . . . house very carefully before she went to . . . bed. She also took . . . 
precaution of looking under . . . bed to see if . . .burglar was hiding there. 
33 '. . . modern burglars don't hide under . . . beds,' said her daughter. I'll go on looking just . . . same,' said 
my aunt. 
34 One morning she rang her daughter in . . . triumph. 1 found . . . burglar under . . . bed . . . last night,' she 
said, and he was quite . . . young man. 
35 . . . apples are sold by . . . pound. These are forty pence . . . pound. 
36 It was . . . windy morning but they hired . . . boat and went for . . . sail along . . . coast. In . . - afternoon . 
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. .wind increased and they soon found themselves in . . . difficulties. 
Exercise 4: Insert a, an, the, or my, his, her, our, your, their if necessary. 
1 He took off . . . coat and set to work. 
2 Why are you standing there with . . . hands in . . . pockets? 
3 At most meetings . . . people vote by raising . . . right hands. 
4 The bullet struck him in . . . foot. 
5 They tied . . . hands behind . . . back and locked him in a cellar. 
6 He took . . . shoes off and entered on . . . tiptoe. 
7 Someone threw . . . egg which struck the speaker on . . . shoulder. 
8 I have . . . headache. 
9 I have . . . pain in . . . shoulder. 
10 The windscreen was smashed and the driver was cut in . . . face by broken glass. 
11 He was . . . very tall man with . . . dark hair and . . . small beard, but I couldn't see . . . eyes because he 
was wearing . . . dark glasses. 
12 He tore . . . trousers getting over a barbed wire fence. 
13 Brother and sister were quite unlike each other. He had . . . fair wavy hair; . . . hair was dark and 
straight. 
14 She pulled . . . sleeve to attract his attention. 
15 She pulled him by . . . sleeve. 
16 'Hands up!' said the masked man, and we all put . . . hands up. 
17 Ask . . . woman in front of you to take off . . . hat. 
18 He stroked . . . chin thoughtfully. 
19 If you're too hot why don't you take off . . . coat? 
20 I saw him raise . . . right hand and take . . . oath. 
21 The lioness bit him in . . . leg. 
22 You should change . . . wet shoes, or you'll catch another cold. 
23 There was a shot and a policeman came out with . . . blood running down . . . face. 
24 We shook . . . hands with . . . host. 
25 He fell off his horse and injured . . . back. 
26 The barman seized the drunk by . . . collar. 
27 Leave . . . coats in . . . cloakroom; don't bring them into . . . theatre. 
28 He fell down a flight of stairs and broke . . . rib. 
29 He pointed to a woman in . . . green dress. 
30 He is . . . thoroughly selfish man; he wouldn't lift . . . finger to help anyone. 
31 You'll strain . . . eyes if you read in . . . bad light. 
32 She was on . . . knees, scrubbing . . . kitchen floor. 
33 He has . . . horrible job; I wouldn't like to be in . . . shoes. 
34 You've got . . . shirt on inside out. 
35 'Pull up . . . socks,' said his mother. 
36 I hit . . . thumb with a hammer when I was hanging the picture. 
Exercise 5: Insert a/an or one if necessary. 
1 . . . of my friends advised me to take . . . taxi; another said that there was quite . . . good bus service. 
2 . . . friend of mine lent me . . . book by Meredith. I've only . . . more chapter to read. Would you like . . . 
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loan of it afterwards?~ No, thanks. I read . . . of his books . . . few years ago and didn't like it. Besides I 
have . . . library book to finish. If I don't take it back tomorrow I'll have to pay . . . fine. 
3 . . . man I met on the train told me . . . rather unusual story. 
4 Most people like . . . rest after . . . hard day's work, but Tom seemed to have . . . inexhaustible supply of 
energy. 
5 I've told you . . . hundred times not to come into . . . room with . . . hat on. 
6 It's unlucky to light three cigarettes with . . . match. ~ That's only . . . superstition. Only . . . idiot believes 
in superstitions. 
7 He says . . . caravan is no good; he needs . . . cottage. 
8 . . . plate is no good; we need . . . dozen. 
9 Last time there was . . . fog here . . . plane crash-landed in . . . field near the airport. The crew had . . . 
lucky escape. . . . man broke his leg; the rest were unhurt. 
10 You've been . . . great help to me; . . . day I will repay you. 
11 My car broke down near . . . bus stop. There was . . . man waiting for . . . bus so I asked him for . . . 
advice. 
12 He took . . . quick look at my car and said, 'Buy . . . new . . . .' 
13 There was . . . woman there. The rest were men. ~ There shouldn't have been even . . . woman. It was 
meant to be . . . stag party. 
14 Don't tell . . . soul! Not even your wife! ~ Of course not! I'd never tell . . . secret to . . . woman. 
15 Most of the staff had been there for only . . . very short time, but . . . man had been there . . . year and . . 
.half, so he knew . . . little more than the rest. 
16 Could you lend me . . . dictionary, please? I'm trying to do . . . crossword puzzle. ~ I'm afraid I've only 
got . . . dictionary, and Tom's borrowed it. 
17 . . . chop won't be enough for Tom; he'll want two; he's . . . small man but he's got . . . big appetite. 
18 1 want . . . volunteers for . . . dangerous job,' said the captain. There was . . . long silence. 
'Isn't there even . . . man who will take . . . risk?' he asked.. . . voice called out from the back, 'Will there be 
. . . reward?' 
19 I have . . . flat on the top floor. You get . . . lovely view from there. 
20 . . . day a new director arrived. He was . . . ambitious, bad-tempered man, and the staff took . . . instant 
dislike to him. 
21 Suddenly . . . bullet struck . . . street lamp . . . little to Bill's left. He looked up and saw . . . man with . . . 
gun standing at . . . open window. 
22 Bill fired back twice. . . . bullet hit the wall, the other broke . . . pane of . . . glass. He heard . . . angry 
shout. 
23 . . . day—it was . . . dry day with . . . good visibility—Tom was driving along . . . country road in . . . 
borrowed car. 
24 You're making . . . mistake after another. Have you . . . hangover, or something? ~ No, but I had . . . 
very bad night last night. The people next door were having . . .party. ~. . . bad night shouldn't have such . . 
. effect on your work. I often have three badnights in succession. I live in . . . very noisy street. 
Đáp án: 
Exercise I (note that '-' indicates that no article is required.) 
la,- 2-,-,-;a 3 a, a 4 a,-; a; a,- 5A,-,- 6-,a,an 7 A, -, a, a,-, a 8-,-;a,- 9A,- 10 a, a; a, an II a, a;-: a, -,a 
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12-, an, an;- 13 a, a; a; a, a 14-, an 15 A, a; a; a, a 16 an, a;-, an,-, a, a 17 a,-; a,- 18-,a 19 a; a,- 20 
a, a; a; - 21 A; a, an; a 22-,a, an, a 23-,a, an 24 a,-; a 25 a: a, a 26 a, a:- 27 an, a,-,- 28-;- 29 a, a,-,- 
30 an; a, a, a: a;-I 31 a, a; an, a 32 a, a, a, a 33-,a, a 34 a, a 35 a, a 36-,a 
Exercise 2 (As before '-' indicates that no article is required, '(the)' indicates that the article is 
optional.) 
1 The,-, the,- 2 the; the, the 3-,-,-, the 4-,- 5 the; the, the;- 6-,-,-; the, the,-; the 7 the, the;-,- 8-,-,the 
9-; -,- 10 the, the; the II-,-; the, the; the 12 the, the, the, the, - 13-,-,- 14-, -,-,- 15-,-, the 16-,-,-, the 
17-, the, the, - 18-,- 19-,-, -,-,- 20 the, the, the 21 the, -; -,the 22 The, -; the;-,-,- 23-; the, the, the 24-;-; the 
25-, the,-, the 26-, -,-,the, the; The,-,the; the, the, the, the, -, the, the 27 -, the, the; - 28 the, the; The, the, 
the, the 29 -, -, the, the, -,- 30-,-,-;-,- 31-,-, the, - 32 The, -;-,-,the 33-, (the), the, the, the 34 (the), (the); -,-,-
,-, the 35-. - 36 the, the, the, the, the, the 
Exercise 3 (Two words separated by an oblique, e.g. the/his, indicate that either is a possible 
answer. The first word is normally the preferred answer.) 
1 a, the; a, a 2 an, the, the 3 a, the,-,- 4 the, a, the,-.-.(the) 5 a,-,the, a 6 a, a/the, an, the 7 a,-, an, 
the, the, the, the 8 a, the, the 9 a, a 10 the, the, the, the, an 11-.-.(the), a 12 a, the, 
13 the, a, the, the, the 14-;-,-,- 15 The, the, the; the, the 16 the, the, a,-: (the), the, the,- 17 a 18 a; 
the; a: a 19 a, the: a, -; The, the 20-,the; the; a, an 21 The, a, a,-,- 22 the, a,- , the, a, the, the, the, the 23 a, a, 
a, the, -, the; The, -, -; The, the, -; -, the,-, an 24 the, the, a 25 a, the, the 26-,the; the;-,the;-,a, - 27 a, the, 
the,- 28 a,-, an 29-,-, -,- 30 a, an, an, a:-, -, -, -, the 31 a; the, the, the: a, - 32 the, an, the; -, the, -: the, the, a 
33-,-; the 34-; a, the, -,a 35-, the; a 36 a, a, a, the; the, the, - 
Exercise 4 
1 his 2 your, your 3 -, their 4 the 5 his, his 6 his, - 7 an, the 8 a 9 a, my 10 the II a,-, a, his,- 12 his 13-, her 
14 his 15 the 16 our 17 the, her 18 his 19 your 20 his, the 21 the 22 your 23-, his 24-our/the 25 his 26 
the/his 27 your, the, the 28 a 29 a 30 a, a 31 your, (a) 32 her, the 33 a, his 34 your 35 your 36 my 
Exercise 5 
1 One, a, a 2 A, a: one; a; one, a; a: a 3 A, a 4 a, a, an 5 a, a/the, a/your 6 one; a; an 7 a, a 8 One, a 
9 (a), a, a; a; One 10 a; One 11 a/the; a, a/the;- 12 a, a, one 13 one; one; a 14 a; a, a 15 a, one, a, a, a 16 a, a; 
one 17 One, a, a 18-, a; a; one, a; A, a 19 a; a 20 One; an, an 21 a, a/the, a; a, a, an 22 One, a. -, an 23 One, 
a,-, a, a 24 one; a; a; a; One, an; a 

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