Tài liệu ôn thi tuyển công chức tỉnh Tiền Giang năm 2014 môn: Tiếng Anh (Ngạch cán sự và chuyên viên)

Ôn tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

1. Cấu trúc chung của một câu trong tiếng Anh:

Một câu trong tiếng Anh thƣờng bao gồm các thành phần sau đây:

Ví dụ:

SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT MODIFIER

John and I ate a pizza last night.

We studied "present perfect" last week.

He runs very fast.

I like walking.

1.1 Subject (chủ ngữ):

Chủ ngữ là chủ thể của hành động trong câu, thƣờng đứng trƣớc động từ (verb).

Chủ ngữ thƣờng là một danh từ (noun) hoặc một ngữ danh từ (noun phrase - một

nhóm từ kết thúc bằng một danh từ, trong trƣờng hợp này ngữ danh từ không đƣợc

bắt đầu bằng một giới từ). Chủ ngữ thƣờng đứng ở đầu câu và quyết định việc chia

động từ.

Chú ý rằng mọi câu trong tiếng Anh đều có chủ ngữ (Trong câu mệnh lệnh, chủ

ngữ đƣợc ngầm hiểu là ngƣời nghe. Ví dụ: “Don't move!” = Đứng im!).

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zes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes. 
When did the first award ceremony take place? 
a. 1895 b. 1901 c. 1962 
 d. 1968 
2. Why was the Nobel prize established? 
a. to recognize worthwhile contributions to humanity 
b. to resolve political differences 
c. to honor the inventor of dynamite 
d. to spend money 
3. In which field have Americans received the most awards? 
a. literature b. peace c. economics 
 d. science 
4. In how many fields are prizes given? 
a. 2 b. 5 c. 6 
 d. 10 
5. Which of the following statements is not true? 
a. Awards vary in monetary value. 
b. Ceremonies are held on December 10 to commemorate Nobel‟s invention. 
c. Politics can play an important role in selecting the winners. 
d. A few individuals have won two awards. 
Test 6 
The early expansion of the sugar industry was based on cane transported from two 
different parts of the Orient, first from India and second from the islands of the Southwest 
Pacific. From India, sugar cane was carried through the western regions of Asia into 
Arabia and later into the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. It was established in 
 236 
Sicily in about A.D. 703 and was carried to Spain in about A.D.755. As early as A.D. 
1150, Spain had at least 75,000 acres of cane. During this early period sugar cane was 
grown largely to supply local wants. The Crusades were partly responsible for further 
expansion and improvement of the sugar industry and for interesting Europeans in the use 
of sugar. 
From this passage, sugar cane was first grown in 
a. Europe b. the Orient c. Arabia 
 d. Sicily 
2. Sugar cane was first introduced into Spain in 
a. A.D. 703 b. A.D. 755 c. A.D. 1150 
 d. A.D. 1419 
3. In the twelfth century, most cane was grown 
a. for exportation b. for 
industrial uses 
c. for sale in the large market cities d. for local use 
4. One thing that caused the sugar industry to expand in Europe was 
a. the favorable climate in the Orient 
b. the Crusades 
c. better means of transportation 
d. that came from the different parts of the Orient 
5. Cane was transported 
a. from the island of Southwest Pacific, to India, to Asia and then to Spain 
b. from the island of Southwest Pacific, to the western areas of Asia and then to the 
countries bordering the Mediterranean 
c. from India to the Southwest Pacific, to Asia, into Arabia and then to the countries 
bordering the Mediterranean 
d. from India, to Asia, into Arabia and then to the countries on the border of the 
Mediterranean 
Test 7 
 237 
Different types of relationships exist between living things. One type of relationship is 
parasitism, in which one partner benefits while the other loses. A very different type of 
relationship is symbiosis, in which both partners benefit. 
An example of a parasitic relationship exists between the stone crab and sacculina, a type 
of barnacle. The sacculina attaches itself to the stone crab. It then eats into the crab, and 
the stone crab becomes disabled. 
An example of a symbiotic relationship exists between the hermit crab and the calliactis 
anemone. The anemone attaches itself to the crab, but it is not a parasite because it does 
not harm the crab; it feeds on food that is dropped by the crab. The anemone even helps 
the crab by protecting the crab from other predators with its tentacles. 
The subject of this passage is 
a. two different kinds of relationships between living things 
b. parasitic relationships 
c. relationships that are mutually beneficial to living things 
d. symbiossis 
Which of the following is NOT true about parasitic relationships? 
a. There are two partners in a parasistic relationship. 
b. One partner in a parasitic relationship hurts the other. 
c. The stone crab can be part of a parasitic relationship. 
d. A parasitic relationship is usually symbiotic. 
According to the passage, what does sacculina eat? 
a. The stone crab b. 
Barnacles 
c. Food dropped by the crab d. Other 
parasities 
The calliactis anemone 
a. is a parasite b. 
harms the hermit crab 
c. eats into the hermit crab d. assists the 
hermit crab 
 238 
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? 
a. All crabs are involved in parasitic relationships. 
b. All crabs are involved in symbiotic relationships. 
c. Some crabs are involved in symbiotic relationships, while others are not. 
d. Crabs are involved in neither parasitic nor symbiotic relationships. 
Test 8 
The three phases of the human memory are the sensory memory, the short-term memory, 
and the long- term memory. This division of the memory into phases is based on the time 
span of the memory. 
Sensory memory is instantaneous memory. It is an image of memory that enters your 
mind fleetingly. It comes and goes under a second. The memory will not last longer than 
one second unless the information enters the short-term memory. 
Information can be held in the short-term memory for about twenty seconds or as long as 
you are actively using it. If you repeat a fact to yourself, that fact will stay in your short-
term memory as long as you keep repeating it. Once you stop repeating it, either it is 
forgotten or it moves into long- term memory. 
Long- term memory is the almost limitless memory store that can hold ideas and images 
for years and years. Information can be added to your long- term memory when you 
actively try to put it there through memorization or when an idea or image enters your 
mind on its own. 
The three phases of memory discussed in this passage are different according to: 
a. Location in the brain 
b. The period of time it takes to remember something 
c. How the senses are involved in the memory 
d. How long the memory last 
According to the passage, which type of memory is the shortest? 
a. Sensory memory c. Active 
memory 
b. Short-term memory d. Long-term 
memory 
 239 
3. The word “fleetingly” is closest meaning to which of the following? 
a. Easily c. 
Temporarily 
b. Slowly d. 
Fundamentally 
4. According to this passage, when will information stay in your short-term memory? 
a. For as long as twenty minutes 
b. As long as it is being used 
c. After you have repeated it three times 
d. When it moves into long-term memory 
5. According to the passage, what is the capacity of long-term memory? 
a. Limited c. Equal to 
the capacity of short-term memory 
 b. Infinite d. Very large 
Test 9 
Five bodies of water make up the chain of lakes called the Great Lakes. Each of these five 
lakes is among the fifteen largest lakes in the world. The largest of these lakes is Lake 
Superior, followed by Huron, Michigan, Erie, and Ontario. 
Lake Michigan is located entirely within the United States, but the other four lakes form a 
part of the boundary running between the United States and Canada. These freshwater 
lakes form a waterway more than 1,000 miles long, which is as busy as, if not busier than, 
any other waterway in the world. Canals have been dug to make the lakes a better 
waterway. These canals permit large, ocean-going vessels loaded with grain, iron ore, and 
coal to reach the lakes. 
1. Which statement is true of the Great Lakes? 
a. All of the lakes are located within the United States. 
b. The lakes have salty water. 
 240 
c. Many ships sail the lakes. 
d. Lake Superior is the fifteenth largest lake in the world. 
2. Which of the following is not a name of one of the Great Lakes? 
a. Erie b. Michigan 
 c. Huron d. Canada 
3. The canals were dug for what purpose? 
a. To improve the lakes as a waterway. 
b. To form a boundary between the United States and Canada. 
c. To make all of the lakes among the fifteen largest lakes in the world. 
d. To keep fresh water in the lakes running. 
4. Which of the five Great Lakes is the largest? 
a. Huron b. Ontario c. Superior 
 d. Erie 
5. “make up” most nearly means 
a. develop b. form c. cause 
 d. decorate 
Test 10 
Forty-five people were made homeless in a fire that destroyed a row of shop-houses in 
Randford Road yesterday. The damage was estimated at $ 150,000. Police said nobody 
was injured during the fire with lasted two and a half hours. Three shops and a house were 
destroyed by the fire. The fire starts at about 11.50 a.m. at the back of the bakery shop. 
Within fifteen minutes the shops on either side of the bakery were on fire as well as a 
house at the back of the row of shops. Three fire engines rushed to the fire and huge 
crowded soon arrived to watch. Mr Jacob Isaacs, 29, said, “I left home at 10 a.m. and 
when I returned I was shocked to see my house on fire.” Another victim of the fire, Miss 
Elaine Farrel, 49, said, “I went for a cup of tea and returned to see my house on fire. The 
fire was too strong and we could not save anything. All we could was to stand and 
watch.” 
What happened in Randford road yesterday? 
Forty-five people destroyed the shop-houses. 
 241 
Forty-five people made a fire. 
There was a fire there. 
Forty-five people fired at the shop-houses 
How were the people affected in the accident? 
a. A lot of them were injured. 
b. The fire destroyed $ 150,000 worth of property. 
c. Almost all the shop-houses were destroyed. 
d. The damage was slight. 
3. Where did the fire start? 
a. at about 11.50 a.m. 
b. at the kitchen of a bakery shop. 
c. at the back of the rows of shops 
d. at the back of a bakery. 
4. The word “fire-engines” in the text means 
a. vehicles which were rescued from the fire. 
b. special vehicles carrying equipment for fighting fires. 
c. vehicles which were damaged in the fire. 
d. special vehicles for saving the victims of the fire. 
5. What did Miss Farrel do on finding her house was on fire? 
a. She went out for a cup of tea. 
b. She was shocked to see her house on fire. 
c. She tried to fight the fire. 
d. She simply stood watching helplessly. 
THE END 

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