Tài liệu bồi dưỡng luyện thi THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng anh

HEME 1: PHONETICS

I. THEORY

A. CONSONANTS

1 C

C : được phát âm bằng nhiều âm khác nhau: /s/ ; /k/; / /;/t/

C /s/ khi đằng sau nó là E, I, Y: cent, cell, city, recycle

C /k/ khi đi sau bất cứ mẫu tự nào trừ E, I, Y: come; cot; picture

C / / như : official, delicious

C  /t/ như: cello, concerto

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t that I often tell you.
A B C D
Period 3: REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
I. Correcting homework ( 5 minutes)
 - Teacher asks students to give the answer for exercise 4,5
 - Teacher asks students to explain their choice.
 -Teacher gives feedback.
II. New lesson
A. Presentation ( 12 minutes)
1. Relative clauses replaced by present participles.
 Teacher give some examples:
a.The boy who is talking to Mrs Hoa is my classmate.
→ The boy talking to Mrs Hoa is my classmate.
b. Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.
→ Students arriving late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.
 - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened
*Rule: If the verbs in relative clauses has active meaning, it can be repalced by a present participle.
2. Relative clauses replaced by past participles.
 Teacher give some examples:
a. We live in a house which was built a long time ago.
→ We live in a house built a long time ago.
b. The city which was destroyed in the war has now been rebuilt.
→ The city destroyed in the war has now been rebuilt.
250
 - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened
*Rule: If the verbs in relative clauses has passive meaning, it can be repalced by a past participle.
3. Relative clauses replaced by infinitives
 Teacher give some examples:
John was the first person who came to class this morning.
→John was the first person to come to class this morning
The last person who leaves the room must turn off the lights
→The last person to leave the room must turn off the lights
He was the youngest person who came to the meeting
→ He was the youngest person to come to the meeting
 - Teacher asks students to comment on the way the above sentences are shortened.
*Rule: Relative clauses can be replaced by full infinitive after the first, the second, the last, the only
and sometimes after superlatives.
B. Practice
 Teacher gives instruction: Rewriting the sentences as guided.
 Teacher sets the time: 18 minutes
 Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.
 Teacher asks students to give their answer(s)
 Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.
1. Exercise 1: Combine the folowing sentences by using present participles (5 minutes)
1. The street which lead to the school is very wide.
2. The applicants who applied for the post were quite young.
3. The boy who is playing the guitar is my teacher’s son.
2. Exercise 2: Combine the folowing sentences by using past participles (5 minutes)
1. I saw many houses which were destroyed by the storm
2. The vegetables which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals.
3. The books which were written by To Hoai are interesting.
3. Exercise 3: Combine the folowing sentences by using full infinitive (8 minutes)
1. He was the first man who reached the top.
2. You are the last person who saw her alive.s
3. My brother was the only one who realized the danger.
4. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.
5. I have some letters that I must write.
Answer key
1. Exercise 1: Combine the folowing sentences by using present participles
1. The street leading to the school is very wide.
2. The applicants applying for the post were quite young.
3. The boy playing the guitar is my teacher’s son.
2. Exercise 2: Combine the folowing sentences by using past participles
1. I saw many houses destroyed by the storm
2. The vegetables sold in this shop are grown without chemicals.
3. The books written by To Hoai are interesting.
3. Exercise 3: Combine the folowing sentences by using full infinitive
1. He was the first man to reach the top.
2. You are the last person to see her alive.
3. My brother was the only one to realize the danger.
251
4. The fifth man to be interviewed was entirely unsuitable.
5. I have some letters to write.
4. Exercise 4: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C, or D. ( 10 minutes)
 Teacher gives handouts.
 Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.
 Teacher sets the time: 10 minutes
 Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.
 Teacher asks students to give answer
 Teacher asks students to explain their choice.
 Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.
1. Neil Armstrong was the first person _____ foot on the moon.
A. set B. setting C. to set D. who was set
2. Many of the pictures _____ from outer space are presently on display in the public library.
A. sent B. sending C. having sent D. that sent
3. Most of the people___________to the wedding banquet arrived late.
A. who inviting B. whom were invited C. invited D. invite 4. The
bridge _____ by French architects is very nice.
A. was designed B. designing C. to design D. designed 5.
Linda was the last student ______ at the oral exam.
A. to be asked B. asking C. asks D. to ask 6. 6.
The man ______ at the blackboard is our teacher.
A. stood B. stands C. standing D. to stand 7.
Tom was the last ______the classroom yesterday.
A. to leave B. leaving C. left D. leaves
8. I have a message for people __________ by the traffic chaos.
A. to delay B. who delay C. delayed D. who delaying
9. Mary was the only person __________ a letter of thanks.
A. wrote B. written C. to write D. writing
10. The pilot was the only man __________ after the crash.
A. was rescued B. rescued C. rescuing D. to be rescued
C. Homework
5. Exercise 5: Circle the underlined part that needs correction.
1. There are probably around 3,000 languages speaking in the world.
A B C D
2. The job that advertised on television last night seems to be very interesting
A B C D
3. She always wears clothes are made by a famous fashion designer.
A B C D
4. I live in a pleasant room overlook a beautiful garden.
A B C D
5. The man sat next to me on the plane talked all the time.
A B C D
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Period 4: MIXED EXERCISES
I. Correcting homeworks ( 5 minutes)
 - Teacher asks students to give the answer for exercise 5
 - Teacher asks students to explain their choice.
 - Teacher asks students to correct the mistakes.
 -Teacher gives feedback.
II. New lesson
 Teacher introduces the lesson ( 5 minutes): To review what students have learnt from period 1 to 3.
Teacher gives a brief summary about what students have learnt about relative clauses:
+ relative pronouns
+ relative adverbs
+ Defining and non-defining relative clauses;
+ Relative clauses with prepositions.
+ Cleft sentences
+ Reduced relative clauses.
 Teacher asks students to do exercises
1. Exercise 1 ( 25 minutes)
 Teacher gives handouts.
 Teacher gives instruction: Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D.
 Teacher sets the time: 18 minutes
 Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.
 Teacher asks students to give answer
 Teacher asks students to explain their choice.
 Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.
1. I used to enjoy the summer, ______________ we had a big family picnic.
A. where B. when C. which D. that
2. He has just come back from London, ________is the capital of England.
A. that B. which C. where D. in which
3.Ms Young, to _______ many of her students are writing, is living happily and peacefully in Canada.
A. who B. whom C. that D. whose
4. Would you mind show me __________to work the lift?
A. where B. how C. what D. why
5. The reason _____ he was absent from school is that he had an accident.
A. why B. in which C. for D. which
6. Picasso,______ , lived until he was a ripe old age.
A. which inspired many other artists B. whose works inspired many other artists
C. inspired many other artists D. who was inspired many other artists
7. Let’s go to Smith’s, _________we can have a drink before the soccer game starts.
A. where B. which C. who D. whom
8. Mary didn’t remember _________ I had told her the day before.
A. of which B. which C. what D. that
9. They would like to live in the country_________there is plenty of snow.
A. which B. that C. where D. when
253
10. Harry Potter, ____is a best-selling book by J.K. Rowling, has been translated into different languages.
A. which B. who C. whose D. that
11. London is the city in ___________I was born.
A. where B. which C. that D. there
12. The children, ___________parents work late, are taken home by bus.
A. that B. whom C. whose D.their
13. This present will be given to __________can answer the last question.
A. whomever B. whoever C. whom D. who
14. They asked me a lot of questions, _____ I couldn’t answer.
A. most of which B. of which most C. most of that D. of that most
15. This house, he bought in 1990, is being repaired at the moment.
A. which B. that C. what D. who
16. The ladyin blue is her aunt.
A. dresses B. dressed C. is dressing D. dressing
17.The party, I was invited last week, was extremely enjoyable.
A. by which B. to which C. at which D. for which
18 .The secretary  I talked to didn’t know where the meeting was.
A. which B. whose C. when D. Ø
2. Exercise 2. ( 10 minutes)
 Teacher gives handouts.
 Teacher gives instruction: Circle the underlined part that needs correction
 Teacher sets the time: 6 minutes
 Teacher goes round and helps students if necessary.
 Teacher asks students to give answer
 Teacher asks students to explain their choice.
 Teacher gives feedback and further explanation if necessary.
1. The students which were late had to wait outside.
A B C D
2. The picture painting by my brother was bought by a foreigner.
A B C D
3. Bill went to class late, that was unusual for him
A B C D
4. The boy injuring in the accident was taken to the hospital.
A B C D
5. Smoke comes from fuel wood affects people’s health
A B C D
6. We are talking about the writer whom book is best selling.
A B C D
II. Homework
 Teacher asks students to revise the lesson.
 Do Reading passage No.1 in the Revision material.

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