Hệ thống kiến thức ngữ pháp và cấu trúc Tiếng Anh

- Giới từ thường:

 + Đi trước Danh từ: Chỉ Thời gian, nơi chốn.

 + Đi sau Tính Từ.

 + Đi sau Động Từ

 + Đi sau một số Danh Từ

 

1. GIỚI TỪ ĐI TRƯỚC DANH TỪ CHỈ THỜI GIAN:

GIỚI TỪ NGHĨA TRƯỚC LOẠI DANH TỪ CHỈ THỜI GIAN VÍ DỤ

AT LÚC / Ở GIỜ

BUỔI

DỊP LỄ

CUỐI TUẦN

ĐẦU , CUỐI

 

TUỔI at 4 o’clock, at 5 pm

at night/ noon/ midnight

at Christmas, at TET

at/ on weekends

at first /at the beginning of / at last/ at the end of

at the age of 18

IN VÀO, TRONG - THÁNG

- MÙA

- NĂM

- THẬP KỶ

- THẾ KỶ

- CÁC BUỔI TRONG NGÀY CÓ “THE” in August, September, November.

in Spring, Winter, .

in 1990

in 1990s

in the 21st cetury

in the morning

ON VÀO NGÀY NGÀY NÓI CHUNG

NGÀY TRONG THÁNG

THỨ TRONG TUẦN On Christmas day

on August 12th

on Sunday, on Sunday mornings

FOR ĐƯỢC BAO LÂU MỘT KHOẢNG TG (thường dùng với thì HTHT) For 2 years / for six months

SINCE TỪ KHI NÀO MỘT MỐC TG (thường dùng với thì HTHT) Since 1990

 

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, rise in / decrease in, fall in : sự gia tăng / sự suy giảm về
Difficulty in doing sth	: sự khó khăn về
Reason for sth	: lý do cho
Developments in	: sự phát triển về
effect on	: sự ảnh hưởng lên
Impression on sb	: sự ấn tượng đối với
Threat of	: sự đe dọa của
cure for	: phương thuốc dành cho
Exercise 3 – Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate preposition if necessary.
1. 	You’re always asking me ...... money. Ask somebody else for a change.
2. 	I’ve applied ...... a job at the factory. I don’t know if I’ll get it.
3. 	If I want a job at the factory, who do I apply ......?
4. 	I’ve searched everywhere ...... John but I haven’t been able to find him.
5. 	I don’t want to talk ...... what happened last night. Let’s forget it.
6. 	I don’t want to discuss ... what happened last night. Let’s forget it.
7. 	We had an interesting discussion ...... the problem but we didn’t reach a decision.
8. 	Keith and Sonia are touring Europe. They’re in Rome at the moment, but tomorrow they leave ...... Venice.
9. 	The roof of the house is in very bad condition. I think we ought to do something ...... it.
10. We waited ...... him for half an hour but he never came.
Exercise 4 – Choose the best option.
1. 	He will come ...... Monday ...... the afternoon.
	A. in/on	B. on/in	C. at/in	D. up/to
2. 	We have stayed there ...... 2000.
A. since	B. for	C. with	D. under
3. 	Will he be there ...... one month?
A. out	B. with	C. for	D. near
4. 	What does he often do ...... his free time?
A. in	B. up	C. with	D. upto
5. 	I am sad ...... my daughter’s laziness.
A. from	B. at	C. for	D. about
6. The children are free ...... Sundays.
A. on	B. up	C. with	D. under
7. 	Việt is not interested ...... listening to music.
	A. with	B. under	C. in	D. up
8. 	Her profession is similar ...... his.
	A. in	B. up	C. with	D. to
9. 	Ms. Trang is fond ...... candy.
	A. under	B. off	C. of	D. in
10. Were you absent ...... the lecture yesterday?
	A. in	B. with	C. up	D. from
11. We must hurry if we do not want to be late ...... school.
	A. from	B. for	C. to	D. out
12. Will the raincoat keep you safe ...... the cold?
	A. to	B. up	C. with	D. from
13. ...... last you have to make a conclusion.
	A. in	B. up	C. from	D. at
14. Have you left your bicycle leaning ...... the tree?
	A. in	B. up	C. to	D. under
15. Do you have to live ...... Hanoi in autumn every year?
	A. in	B. up	C. with	D. under
16. They have lived in this city ...... twenty years of their life.
	A. at	B. during	C. since	D. for
17. I am walking ...... the river bank.
	A. within	B. without	C. along	D. in
18. For the last few days I haven’t been able to sleep ...... night.
	A. for	B. to	C. of	D. at
19. Are you acquainted ...... the lady?
	A. at	B. in	C. on	D. with
20. We will leave ...... Russia.
	A. for	B. to	C. of	D. at
21. It never snows here ...... Christmas. 
A. for	B. to	C. of	D. at
22. He always comes here ...... bicycle.
A. in	B. by	C. over	D. with
23. - A: “Can you lend me your notebook ...... Friday?” 
 	- B. “ Sorry, I can’t. I’ll have to finish my report ...... the end of the week”
A. on/at	B. on/in	C. in/at	D. in/in
24. We’ll have to hurry if we want to be ...... time for the show.
A. on	B.in	C. at 	D. for
25. Why are you so rude ...... your sisters ? Can’t you be nice ...... them ?
---------------------------------------------------------------
Most college football games are played ______ Saturdays.
	A. at 	B. in	C. with 	D. on
Leaves turn color _______ the autumn.
	A. for 	B. on	C. at 	D. in
3. My birthday is.. November 20th.
 a. in b. at c. during d. on
4. Her house is far..the school.
 a. on b. of c. from d. for
8. The leaves of these trees always drop..autumn.
 a. in b. during c. about d. on
9. In England people drive the left side of the road.
 a. in b. from c. to d. on
10. Tom’s grandfather died..1997the age of 79.
 a. in/in b. in/of c. in/at d. in/on
11. The result was quite different____what I expected.
with 	 b. at 	 	c. to 	 d. from
15. He is bored ____ doing the same job for too long.
at 	b. with 	c. of 	d. from
17. It happened____7:00 _____the evening.
a. in /at 	b. to / in 	c. at / to 	d. at/ in
18. My brother was very good_____physics.
with 	 	b. at 	c. in 	d. on
20. We might have a picnic . It depends _____the weather.
in 	b. at 	c. to 	d. on
_____ the whole, I enjoy the movie.
	A. On 	B. In	C. At	D. Up
She’ll come home ______ April.
	A. on 	B. in	C. at	D. for
Minh was born_____ Ho Chi Minh city.
	A. on	B. at	C. in	D. up
When we arrived _______ the station, the last train had just gone. 
	A. in 	B. at	C. for	D. from
Blue grass music is somewhat different ____ other types of country music
	A. to	B. from	C. with	D. upon
We are here to provide you _____ the best service possible.
	A. of 	B. with	C. to 	D. for 
Nowadays, most of young people are involved ______ learning English.
	A. of 	B. with 	C. along	D. in
Are you interested _____ learning English?
	A. of 	B. with	C. along	D. in
I’m so happy to hear from Mary because I haven’t seen her ______ last year.
	A. for 	B. on	C. since	D. A and B
He is very successful _____ his job.
	A. for 	B. with 	C. in	D. of
When Mr. Pike was young, he was keen ______ playing football.
	A. of 	B. on	C. at	D. in 
Mary is the most beautiful girl _______ the three sisters. 
	A. in 	B. of	C. with 	D. on
I will be responsible ______ what I do.
 	A. with 	B. for 	C. from	D. on
You cannot do well two jobs _____ same time.
	A. in 	B. at	C. on	D. for
I’m not good _______ English. I think I should spend more time _______ it.
	A. in / at 	B. at / on	C. at / in	D. on / at
An apple stands _____ the New York State. 
	A. for 	B. on	C. up	D. at
Catherine became accustomed _____ spicy foods when she was traveling. 
	A. to 	B. on	C. for 	D. about
Washington state is famous ______ its apples.
	A. in 	B. for 	C. of	D. with
Were you aware ______ the regulations against smoking in this area?
	A. in 	B. with 	C. of	D. about
William insists ______ getting up early, even on weekends.
	A. on 	B. to	C. toward	D. for
Please come here _____ once.
	A. on 	B. in	C. at	D. for
Teacher, are we expected to learn all the new words ______ heart?
	A. in 	B. at 	C. by	D. to
She always takes good care _____ her children.
	A. for 	B. in	C. of 	D. with
All of us are fond _______ listening to music.
	A. in	B. about	C. of	D. with
 I'd rather go to the football field instead ________ being in class today.
	A. in	B. to	C. of	D. at
 Scientists are searching _______ some other kinds of energy.
	A. at	B. about	C. in	D. for
Motor vehicles account _______ 75% of air pollution in the major cities.
	A. of	B. in	C. on	D. for
She is always borrowing money _______ me.
	A. from	B. to	C. of	D. in
27. they wasted valuable time searching _____the car key.
in 	b. with 	c. for 	d. to
28. Tom succecced _____persuading his boss to buy a computer.
of 	b. in 	c. on 	 d. with
29. They are now in Paris , they will leave____London next week.
to 	b. of 	c. for 	d. on
30. Fred is looking forward to hearing____his brother.
a. to 	b. from 	c. in 	d. off
33. Many people regard him.one of the greatest pianist in the world.
A.as	B. with	C.at	D. about
34. Everyone will laugh her.
A from.	B.to	C. for	D. at 
36. Who takes carethe children when you are at work.?
A.at	B.to	C. for	D. of
I haven’t gone there _____ ages.
	A. with 	B. in	C. for	D. of
Most college football games are played ______ Saturdays.
	A. at 	B. in	C. with 	D. on
Leaves turn color _______ the autumn.
	A. for 	B. on	C. at 	D. in
Minh was born_____ Ho Chi Minh city.
	A. on	B. at	C. in	D. up
Mai graduated _______ the University of Education.
	A. from 	B. at	C. in	D. for
English is spoken in many countries all _____ the world.
	A. in 	B. over 	C. at 	D. from
_______ many areas of the world, wars have made lives more miserable.
	A. on 	B. from	C. in	D. at
When we arrived _______ the station, the last train had just gone. 
	A. in 	B. at	C. for	D. from
Approaching ______ the village, we saw the village common in the distance.
	A. at 	B. in	C. to	D. x
Fortunately, the company offered _____ me the job I had applied.
	A. to 	B. for	C. with	D. x
The pop singer has always received a large number of letter _____ her fans.
	A. of 	B. from	C. to	D. on
She was very surprised _____ the grade she received.
	A. on	B. of	C. at	D. about
I was disappointed ____the grade I received on my last essay. 
	A. for	B. about	C. to 	D. A and B
We are here to provide you _____ the best service possible.
	A. of 	B. with	C. to 	D. for 
Are you interested _____ learning English?
	A. of 	B. with	C. along	D. in
I’m so happy to hear from Mary because I haven’t seen her ______ last year.
	A. for 	B. on	C. since	D. A and B
He is very successful _____ his job.
	A. for 	B. with 	C. in	D. of
We are sure that they are all in favour ______ the plan.
	A. to 	B. for	C. of	D. at
pollution has bad effect ______ our life.
	A. of 	B. to 	C. with	D. on
We all laughed _____ the cartoon.
	A. for	B. at	C. on	D. to
Police are searching _______ the man who escaped from prison.
	A. at 	B. in	C. for	D. by
Question 9: She must leave now ,so she is _______ a hurry. 
A. for	B. in	C. into	D. with
Question 8: Mary always takes great care.her children.
A. to	B. with	C. for	D. of
Question 48: She started school when she was six years old.
A. At the year of six, she started school.	B. At the time of six, she started school.
C. At the old of six, she started school.	D. At the age of six, she started school.
Question 17: My mother is responsible to the household chores in my family.
A	B	C	D
Question 27: My family consist 	 brothers and I. five people: my parents, my two younger
A. on	B. of	C. over	D. up
	10. I’m very _________ in the information you have given me.
A. concerned 	B. worried	C. interested	D. surprised
19. Many Vietnamese people are fond ________ watching football. 
A. in 	B. about 	C. of 	D. with 

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